January 25, 2021, Monday
Hi There! We have very good news to share with you today. Sudan, an African Nation, has made FGM illegal, making it punishable by three years in Jail.
Don’t know what FGM really is?
No Worries. It stands for Female Genital Mutation. It means cutting the female’s private part for the name of Purity. Purity in a sense, that they are saved for their husband by reducing their sexual desire. This tradition has been in practice for a very long time. 28toomany.org suggests that the practice dates back to fifth-century BC in Egypt. This practice is still conducted over various parts of the world mostly adopted by Muslims and Christian society including Sudan.
According to WHO, There are four types of FGM in practice around the world.
TYPE I: It is also known as clitoridectomy, which means the total removal of the clitoris and/or folded skin part of the clitoris called a prepuce.
TYPE II: It is also known as excision, which means the clitoris and labia minora are totally or partially removed, with or without cutting the labia majora.
TYPE III: It is also known as infibulation or pharaonic and the most severe form. Here the vaginal opening is narrowed with the help of covering seal. The seal is made by cutting down labia minora or labia majora and stitching it up leaving a small opening for urinal and menstrual blood flow.
TYPE IV: This includes all other harmful procedures to the female genital for non-medical purposes.
This practice is very painful and traumatizing with no medical benefits. In fact NONE.
But it has a very long list of bad effects on the health of women which includes various psychological problems, cancer, and even death of the women.
And finally, this practice is criminalized in SUDAN and that’s very good news.
BUT, criminalizing this doesn’t solve the problem alone. It is deeply rooted in society and women and it’s hard to vanish.
However, there are many NGOs and International organizations working against this practice by providing them the right education.
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